Brokers typically place deposits for their clients at CDIC member institutions in two ways: 1) those who place the deposit directly in the name of their client (i.e. in-client-name) and 2) those who place the deposit and hold it (i.e. in trust) for their clients (i.e. in-nominee-name). This distinction has an important impact on how deposit insurance protection extends to client deposits held at a CDIC Member Institution, with the key difference being the scope of insurance categories that apply to in-client-name brokered deposits and to nominee brokered deposits. This distinction also affects the way CDIC treats these deposits in the unlikely event that one of our member institutions fails.
Brokered deposits in a client’s name:
Deposits made by brokers as an agent for their clients (i.e. acting in-client-name) would be treated by CDIC as a deposit made by the client directly with the member institution. CDIC would apply the appropriate deposit insurance category based on how the broker has set up the deposits. The client would then receive deposit insurance coverage based on the category in which the deposit falls (that is, it would not necessarily be a trust). If CDIC were required to reimburse depositors due to a member institution failure, CDIC would provide the funds directly to the client, whose name is on the files of the member institution.
Brokered deposits in nominee name:
Deposits made by brokers as a nominee (i.e. in nominee-name) for their clients would be treated by CDIC as a deposit held in trust:
- Coverage would be extended to these deposits under the trust deposits insurance category (except if they are held in a registered plan, such as an RRSP, RRIF or a TFSA).
- The nominee broker would be the trustee for the deposit, and their clients the beneficiaries.
- If CDIC were required to reimburse depositor due to a member institution failure, CDIC would provide the funds to the nominee broker as the trustee, in trust for their clients.
It is important to note that for deposits placed in nominee-name, there are specific requirements set out in the CDIC Act and By-laws that a nominee broker, as trustee, must meet to ensure their clients’ deposits are protected by CDIC.
Learn more about trusts on these pages: